Strengthening the National Mechanism for Preventing and Countering Terrorism
The law on preventing and combating terrorism was approved today, June 23rd, by the Parliament, in final reading.
The document consists of 11 chapters and lays down the legal and organizational framework of the activity that prevents and combats terrorism in the Republic of Moldova; management of the subunits specialized in preventing and combating terrorism; actions undertaken by central and local public authorities, non-governmental organizations, and officials.
The new law complements not only the list of notions but also the list of the authorities involved in the process of preventing and combating terrorism, including: the Ministry of Transport and Roads Infrastructure, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration, the Ministry of Health, and the National Agency for Regulation of Nuclear and Radiological Activities – each within the limits of their own competences.
The act establishes a new concept, implemented in the EU area, regarding the verification of airline passengers. It aims to detect the attempts of the individuals involved in terrorist activity to leave, enter or transit the territory of the country.
The law stipulates the creation of a new local body for terrorist crisis management – the Antiterrorist Territorial Council – that will be made up of: district council leaders; territorial representatives of the Security and Intelligence Service; General Police Inspectorate; and Civil Protection and Emergency Situations Service. The Antiterrorist Operational Command will be established to conduct and carry out antiterrorist operations.
The law clearly defines the restrictive measures that may be imposed in the area of the antiterrorist operation. It also stipulates to inform the general public about terrorist acts, regulating the conduct of the media and prohibitions imposed during and after the antiterrorist operation.
The act contains statements regarding the necessity of provisions on: liability of public or religious associations or any other organization that carries out terrorist activity; responsibility of the mass media outlet for dissemination of materials calling for terrorism or justifying it; inadmissibility of using electronic communications networks for terrorist purposes.